Taking a participatory approach to planning and to monitoring and evaluation (M&E) implies a shift in power from aid actors to people. It is the people who set the direction for change. They plan their priorities. It is they who decide whether a programme makes progress, delivers and is relevant.
Non-governmental organisations (NGOs) are usually non-profit, non-sectarian organisations which are not linked to any form of government. They are usually task-orientated and have a broad range of social, environmental, justice or development objectives. Two variations are international NGOs (INGOs) and big international NGO (BINGOs).
Could it be that accountability is the single most important thing to focus on in international aid? If states, governments and private sector companies became accountable to their citizens, voters and workers, would community development and international aid efforts still be needed?