Lammerink, Marc P.

An introduction to Participatory Action Development (PAD)

Brief explanatory note on the concept of Participatory Action Development (PAD), its epistemological origins, its use in the field and its relevance to the community water management programme managed by the International Water and Sanitation Centre. The authors also discuss the uses for a PAD approach and draw out the ways it can be implemented in the different phases of projects.

Strengthening community water management

The article provides the overview and analysis, gives examples of diverse experiences and draws on emerging trends and patterns in community water management which is the thematic focus for this issue of PLA Notes. In teasing out the outcomes and progress of a research project for the International Water and Sanitation Centre which aimed to improve the management of water supply systems of rural communities in six countries, the authors challenge readers to think of water management in terms of participation, governance and democracy.

Community water management

A series of articles in this issue report on a research project for the International Water and Sanitation Centre (IRC) working with partner organizations in Kenya, Cameroon, Guatemala, Colombia, Nepal and Pakistan and focusing on the role of communities in the improved management of rural water resources.

Some Selected Examples of Participatory Research

This collection of articles demonstrates some of the methodological problems which may be experienced in participatory research. This is followed by examples of participatory research, which illustrate general and methodological observations from different sectors and continents. Donors perspectives are the subject of a chapter and finally there is a listing of contacts in participatory research and networking.

Participatory action research on community management of rural water supply : experiences from Kenya, Cameroon, Nepal, Pakistan, Guatemala and Colombia.

There is a growing trend in most countries in the south to encourage rural communities to manage their water supply systems. This paper is based on an action research programme designed to draw lessons from twenty four projects representing various types of water supply systems and service levels chosen from a range of environmental, socio-economic and cultural conditions.