Lewis, H.

Rural development in the highlands of North America: the Highlander Economic Education Project

The Highlander Center, a non-profit adult education centre in Tennessee, USA, offers night classes to help poor communities "undertake a process of education and participatory research through which they could assess their own situation, define and implement strategies for themselves." This article describes the methods used, such as oral histories, community surveys, community mapping and community theatre. A series of publications available from the Highlander gives more details of these methods.

Farmer participation on on-farm varietal trials: multilocational testing under resource poor conditions

This reports on the trials of various pigeonpea cultivars. In 1989- 90, the performance of four pigeonpea genotypes resistant to helicoverpa armigera - ICPL 84060, ICPL 332, ICPL 87088 and ICPL 87089 were evaluated in on-farm trials in Medak district, Andhra Pradesh, India. Forty marginal farmers from 16 villages were asked to grow the genotypes on large plots using their own management practices, and compare them with local pigeonpea cultivars. PRA methods were used to elicit criteria for comparisons from farmers in semi-structured interviews.