This document comprises three sections: an overview of the literature, discussion and reflection on the wider issues relating to participatory monitoring and evaluation (PM&E) in Latin America, and an annotated bibliography. The overview provides a broad scan of the literature, which is divided into references that look at case study examples and conceptual issues, tools and methodologies, reviews of experiences in PM&E, and documents that look at PM&E in a broader sense. It then outlines the gaps in the literature.
This issue of in brief traces synergies and tensions between gender and participation in development practice. The lead article cites the importance of mainstreaming gender-aware and participatory approaches for equity; there are two case studies concerned with entrenched resistance to equity within organisations; a final article considers the incorporation of gender into poverty reduction strategies advocated by the World Bank.