Praxis and WaterAid

Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) Immersive Research: Methodology Note

A team of researchers from the Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) knowledge hub at the Institute of Development Studies, WaterAid and Praxis adopted an Immersive Research Approach (IRA) to try to gain in-depth understanding of ground realities and community perspectives relevant for the Swachh Bharat Mission-Gramin (SBM-G). They sought to learn and be open to emerging findings, while keeping a focus on behaviour change.

This note describes what they did, what they learnt, challenges they faced, and lessons and guidance for its use by others.