This paper reports the methods and results of two ranking exercises. Both aimed to investigate (i) the range of perceived income-earning opportunities, (ii) the criteria they use to select options, (iii) the ranking of alternative options. Two different methods were used in the two exercises, yielding slightly different results. Overall they showed that farmers are aware of and practice a large number of income-enhancing options, both in and out of agriculture. They use a sophisticated set of criteria for choosing between them. Food for work ranks high on most of these criteria.
This paper may be of interest to those involved in agricultural extension, agricultural research, and food for work programmes.