This article argues that the diversity of people to be found in urban areas and also the lack of clear geograhical divisions make it difficult to transfer PRA tools, techniques and topics from rural to urban areas. Where PRA would focus around crops, often in urban areas small business activities have been substituted but in some groups even this has been problematic since for example, some women's group members have no opportunity to start such activities. The paper suggests that it may be more appropriate to organise REFLECT circles around a common occupation so that members can share a common body of skills and knowledge and analyse common practices. Alternatively, circles could be organised around loan use, public works schemes or feeding programmes.
International Institute for Environment and Development