Examines the Farmer First paradigm in the light of recent research into questions concerning the social construction of knowledge and power relations. It draws on a large and diverse body of literature from ecology, geography, anthropoplogy, sociology and other disciplines. The literature examined falls into three broad areas: (1) the nature of rural people's knowledge; (2) the interactions of actors; and (3) the institutional context. The paper contains sections on the following: contrasting representations of rural people's knowledge; power and knowledge - the theoretical setting; the social construction of knowledge; local knowledge construction; the transmission of knowledge; people's knowledge and agricultural science; methdological challenges; and finally, exploring encounter - actors and institutions.
Researchers, fieldworkers, agriculturalists and those working at the project and the community level, as well as policy makers and planners.
Rural People's Knowledge, Agricultural Research and Extension Practice
IIED Sustainable Agriculture Programme