Force-field analysis: identifying forces for and against change

Publication year: 

This note describes the use of force-field analysis, a technique originally used to analyze the forces which keep an institution in its present state. It was used in a modified form in two projects - a non-formal education project in Bangladesh and an urban environmental project in India - to provide a way of drawing staff and stakeholders into the planning process, defining possible objectives and how to attain them. It was found to be a useful way of involving different people in the analysis of objectives and how they can be achieved.

Interest groups: 
Will be useful for NGO fieldworkers and others involved in community-level planning.
Source publication information
Journal Title: 
PLA notes
No. 23
IIED, 3 Endsleigh St, London WC1H 0DD, UK
Publisher reference: 
International Institute for Environment and Development

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Shelfmark in IDS Resource Centre
E : Miscellaneous : RRA Notes/PLA 894