The theme is that the theoretical thinking in research and extension delivery needs to shift from traditional empiricism to 'agrarian popularism', respecting farmers' traditional knowledge. Specific examples from Zambia are used to explore the reasons why conventional research and extension systems have not been very successful. The main conclusion of the paper is that the mismatch between scientific models and farmers' dynamic realities can largely explain the current failure of research and extension mechanisms.
Agriculturalists, researchers and fieldworkers, as well as those working at the community and project level.
Rural People's Knowledge, Agricultural Research and Extension Practice. The Latin America Papers.
IIED Sustainable Agriculture Programme