This introductory paper defines the most commonly used development terms - participation and empowerment. The theoretical and ideological roots of these concepts and the use, abuse and misuse of these terms in the policy and practice of developmental organisations are reviewed. Drawing on various theoretical and more specific case studies presented in the book, a clear gap is shown between institutional rhetoric and the practice of participatory development. The paper suggests a shift in power within the community and institutions and appeals to both researchers and practitioners involved in participatory development to create an enabling environment in which participatory values are institutionalised.
Power and Participatory Development: Theory and Practice
Nelson, N.|Wright, S.