Participatory needs assessment in the peri-urban areas of Lusaka, Zambia

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The article describes a participatory appraisal and needs assessment (PANA) training workshop run by the NGO CARE Zambia in August 1994. The training was part of a strategy to reorient CARE's activities away from infrastructure improvement through food-for-work towards a more holistic livelihoods approach. Two important initial strategy decisions had to be made: how to reorient project staff; and how to generate greater participation by the communities concerned. The article outlines the methodological approach adopted, which was a combination of Training for Transformation (TfT) and PRA, and discusses some early trends and lessons.

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This article will be of interest to NGO and other community-based organisations wishing to develop a participatory approach to their work.
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RRA Notes
IIED, 3 Endsleigh Street, London. WC1H 0DD

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Shelfmark in IDS Resource Centre
A : RRA notes 690