Using participatory research methods to explore the learning environment of rural primary school pupils.
This article reports on research carried out in case study schools from Tanzania, Ethiopia, Sri Lanka and India, to investigate the use of agriculture as a medium for the development of young learners' basic skills of literacy, numeracy and other life skills. The findings were aimed to provide decision-makers at national and international level with information for future planning and implementation of primary education programmes. PRA methods were used to learn more about the formal environments of primary schools, through facilitating the analysis of the school situation by teachers, pupils and parents.
Comparing village characteristics derived from rapid appraisals and household surveys: a tale from northern Mali
This article compares findings deduced from participatory appraisal techniques with those obtained by more conventional assessments, notably household surveys and specifically those drawn from a local, recently revised census. Its particular focus is on measuring wellbeing in an area in Mali, with particular reference to household food security and child under-nutrition. It investigates how the different methods of assessment can reveal discrepancies relative to the method of data collection used which impact in a contradictory way on deductions.