This article briefly describes the collaborative planning process using examples from local NGOs' work in Beni Suef, a governorate in Upper Egypt.
An informal livestock-disease scoring technique was used to collect information on pastoralists' perceptions of animal health problems in Somaliland. The authors conclude that the technique is a useful addition to the PRA "toolkit" and could assist veterinarians to plan primary veterinary programmes in developing countries. The technique could also be used in animal health information systems for pastoral communities and , with modification, might have applications in formal livestock disease surveys.
This paper describes the use of matrix scoring and seasonal calendars to collect data on tick ecology and tick-associated health problems of livestock in the Sanaag region of Somaliland. The potential application of these techniques is discussed.