Beginning with a description of the origins and evolution of the concept of civil society, the book explores the 'global mosaic' of civil society today, as well as its new frontiers, such as the role of women and youth, local community, microenterprise and participatory methods.
The process and results of a planning workshop with farmers in Mutoko District, Zimbabwe, suggest that women were able to set their priorities and influenced the problem ranking and project planning in the presence of their male counterparts. This chapter discusses the methodology and gender-related results of the workshop.
Budgets are the starting point of this book, and it continues with different types of revenue and taxes at the local level. Tax Justice is introduced and finally the book explains decentralization and the dilemma local government has in terms of limited independent space for planning and implementing plans. The book is designed for field workers and civil society organisations at the local level. Whilst the political context is very different in each country, it is hoped the book can inspire engagement in budget work at the local level. The book includes tools for analysing budgets and understanding political economy at the local level.