Between 2008 and 2010 the Carnegie UK Trust and the Joseph Rountree Foundation jointly funded a programme of work on power, participation and social change. Over two years the project worked with 20 different organisations to explore ways in which the analysis of power could support them to achieve the social change they were working towards. The work revealed that a good understanding of power is a missing link between how people envisage the change they want, and how they go about achieving that in practice. This handbook – which supports the programmes report “Power and Making Change Happen” – is about taking action. It is a practical guide drawing on the methods and tools used to build the capacity of others and achieve social change. It is designed for people within organisations, networks or community groups who want to explore power as part of the process of change in their communities. As such it provides background information on power and facilitation, and looks at how to explore power through workshops, one-to-one mentoring and self reflection.
PADev is an innovative toolbox of tools and methods that have been designed to get a bottom-up assessment of development and change in a particular area over a period of time based on the value systems of the population. PADev is thus a holistic and participatory approach to development assessment. It differs from conventional assessment methods which tend to focus on a single agency/project/programme with an expert-driven approach to evaluation. Instead, PADev assesses a wide range of changes, projects and agencies and may look back over 20-30 years. As an alternative approach to conventional assessment it enables the construction of a “big picture” of development and change for an area that can be very useful to both development agencies and local communities. This guidebook has been written specifically for those interested in using the PADev methodology. It offers an introduction to this style of workshop set-up and the nine participatory PADev exercises that can be run over three days. However it is not intended to be prescriptive and encourages experimentation and adaptation as circumstances require.
Visualisation in Participatory Programmes: how to facilitate and visualise participatory group processes
This manual has been written for the trained facilitator of group events. It is designed to reinforce concepts and techniques learned in training of facilitators and trainers in participatory group processes. VIPP is not wedded to a particular framework or academic discipline in problem solving, planning or training. Rather it is a set of tools that can be applied to just about any group process as long as the intention is to make such processes more participatory and democratic.
This is a manual for facilitators and trainers involved in:
- Planning and revising projects and programmes
- Communication materials development and story-line planning
- Putting research into action
- Community-level development work, including pra/pla
- Training workshops
- Training of facilitators and trainers
- Curricula development
- Running conferences and information markets
- Management, human-resource planning and team building
- Business meetings
This IDS Source Pack aims to give an introduction to micro-finance and micro-enterprise and provide a comprehensive listing of other good sources of information on the subject. An introductory article by Christian Sorenson gives an overview of the subject. This is followed by some readings which include: a look at how to identify the poorest clients around the world; details of how participatory monitoring and evaluation can strengthen a street youth micro-entrepreneurs programme in the Dominican Republic; and information about the work of a rural women's bank in India. The last section gives details of around twenty recommended materials on micro-finance.
This information pack introduces the reader to Participatory Poverty Assessments (PPAs) which were developed during the 1990s in order to increase poor people's participation in the ongoing processes of formulating and implementing poverty alleviation policies. Part One provides a general background to PPAs, explaining what they are, how they have developed, how they are carried out, what impact they have had, challenges that are faced and the future of PPAs. Throughout this section, case studies are outlined corresponding with and highlighting issues discussed. Part Two gives abstracts of information resources on PPAs on which part one is based and details of resource availability. Part Three reproduces three key information resources.
Handwashing is a vital part of good sanitation and hygiene. When Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) and its aim of ODF (open defecation free) communities are fully understood and put into practice it is clear that handwashing is implicit in the approach. Without addressing handwashing and other hygiene practices, communities can never become fully ODF since CLTS aims to cut all faecal-oral contamination routes. However, in practice, the degree to which handwashing is integrated into triggering and follow up, depends on the quality of facilitation. This guide, developed in Malawi, addresses the need for specific tools that help to incorporate handwashing into CLTS.
Participatory Capacity and Vulnerability Analysis (PCVA) is a risk analysis process that was designed for Oxfam and partner organisation staff to engage with communities. By using participatory learning and action techniques and tools and different analytical frameworks, the PCVA facilitators will support the community generate their own analysis of the existing risk and identify and plan for specific adaptation and risk reduction measures. This learning resource is the first edition of a training pack for Oxfam and partner facilitators to deliver a five-day PCVA methodology workshop.
This user guide on participatory communication aims to answer the following questions: What do we mean when we say participatory communications? What are the practical implications of working with participatory communication strategies in development and social change processes? What practical experiences document that participatory communication adds value to a development project of programme?
Many communication practitioners and development workers face obstacles and challenges in their practical work. A participatory communication strategy offers a very specific perspective on how to articulate social processes, decision-making processes and any change process for that matter. Participatory approaches are nothing new. At a time when institutions, both governmental and nongovernmental, increasingly seek participatory approaches in their development initiative, this guide provides perspective, tools and experiences on how to implement participatory communications strategies.
This Introduction is taken from a more extensive resource pack (now unavailable). After a brief introduction to PRA, it looks at methods associated with:
- Space - mapping, transect walks, modelling
- Time - seasonal calendars, daily activity routines, lifelines, timelines and historical maps
- Networks and Linkages - diagramming, flow analysis, spider diagrams, problem walls and solution trees
- Prioritisation and Rapid Quantification – matrix ranking and scoring, treatment sequence matrices and wealth and wellbeing ranking.
Promoting the welfare of working animals is important not only for the sake of the animals themselves, but for the livelihoods of their owners. Sharing the Load aims to stimulate collective action among animal-owning communities to improve the health and husbandry of their draught and pack animals, by applying the methods of community facilitation and collective action to the pursuit of animal welfare. Since 2005, the Brooke has been pioneering the integration of animal welfare science with best practice from the international development sector to build communities’ responsibility for sustained improvement in the welfare of their working animals. Sharing the Load documents the outcome of four years’ development of this process and includes field-based participatory methods and tools designed specifically for this purpose, using lively illustrations and text boxes in accessible language on the theory of development practice and animal welfare science.