This video is one product of a participatory appraisal training workshop held in Hull, England. Following classroom-based learning of methods, participants applied these methods to projects in local communities. The first application shown aimed to help a parish council to understand the leisure needs of teenagers to improve the planning of a youth centre (4). The appraisal team met with the parish council to understand what they wanted to know (6). They then met with groups of teenagers on the streets and used mapping, and matrix scoring and ranking methods to elicit their preferences for the design and operation of the proposed youth centre (10). These were then reported to the parish council who also used participatory methods to help them understand the report (19). The second application concerned preferences of shoppers and supermarket staff regarding Christmas opening times (22).
This video presents the reflections of Ben Osuga (Uganda Community Based Health Care Association) on a trip to Scotland to learn how PRA is used in the North and how has influenced policy change. The video shows meetings with forestry officials and PRA activities with rural people. These emphasise the difference in views and understanding between forestry officials and people living in rural areas.
As part of a course in forestry and participation, 27 forestry officials from Africa, Asia and Scotland spent 10 days in County Kilkenny, Ireland, using PRA and visualisation methods to help local people develop a local forestry action plan. During meetings with local people, visual tools were used to encourage them to express their preferences about the environment. Methods used included resource and social mapping, Venn diagrams, and matrix ranking or tree species preferences. Local people's views were relayed to the local council, thus giving them a say in environmental management. One local council member recognised the need for better communication and broader consultation between the council and local people.
This short video shows the use of participatory mapping and action planning processes in discussions about the management of the Solway Firth, Scotland. People with various interests participated in the meetings. Groups mapped the area and suggested ideas for changes. These were then scored and discussed, leading to the creation of action plans with achievable aims. The video also presents reflections by workshop participants on the participatory appraisal process. Among the comments are that it facilitated the focusing of ideas, working together, and helped overcome mistrust between the users of the Solway and other groups.
This video briefly describes a process undertaken by a community group on Northern Ireland to obtain a community centre. Through interviews with local people, it shows the need for a community centre (01-03), the process of building contacts between the community group and other agencies (04), consulting local people about what they want (05 -08) and getting people involved in the process (09).
This video discusses to activities and outputs which aim to bring people together within a locality and enable them to take action. Village appraisals are surveys done by locals, often resulting in a booklet, which lists physical and social resources, to be used in negotiation over planning and in problem solving (01). They provide information for village planning and give villagers the chance to discuss what they want (03). Two examples show how village appraisals were used in the UK: one resulted in specific recommendations being presented to local government about transport and infrastructure, and led to change in the attitude of stakeholders to new developments (03-06); another enabled a village to approach local government and make demands, giving more hope to villagers (07-10). Parish maps show what resources are valued in a community. In one example this was done so that there was less chance that valued resources would be destroyed (10-14). Another example shows how five villages came together to raise awareness about natural conservation areas and footpaths (14-16).