These Plans profile the tsunami-affected village, its political economy and the post-tsunami realities, aspirations and challenges of the communities. They present a community-led pre-tsunami social map, in order to establish a public documents, detailing the property ownership that existed before the tsunami.
Filmed in Bhutanes refugee camps in Nepal, China and Indonesia, this video will be of interest to field researchers, and in particular anthropologists. The anthropological method of participant observation is contrasted with more interactive participatory approaches. Included in the video are entering a community and joining in village activities, adapting the research plan to fit in with villagers activities, working with interpreters and dealing with expectations and responsibilities.
This video draws on the experience of an Australian funded participatory rural development project in the Philippines, to examine the challenges, risks and benefits of adopting a participatory approach. It takes the form of interviews with project staff, including foreign project consultants, provincial and local project staff, community development workers and agricultural extension workers. A range of issues is discussed, include potential factors causing conflict or distrust, the need for and obstacles to empowering farmers, the need for and resistance to a very slow learning process, transparency and agendas of various stakeholders, and the need to recognise and share constraints and strengths. These issues are discussed from the perspective of bilateral agency staff, NGOs, local government and community partners.
This video provides an example of PRA being used in the management of conflict over access to natural resources between managers of conservation park and local communities. Keoladeo National Park, Rajasthan, contains a rich variety of wildlife in wetland, woodland and grassland environments. Until 1982, the 15,000 people who live near the park had access to parkland for cattle grazing. These customary rights were removed by the park administration to protect wildlife. The villagers contended that grazing and grass collection benefits the environment. In late 1995 a PRA process involving park authorities, WWF staff and community organisers was conducted in order to create dialogue between the park authorities and local community, and so that villagers' perceptions could contribute to the wise use of local resources. The PRA activities are not shown in detail (15 - 18). The dialogue leads to several major decisions (19), and the process is judged to have created a successful partnership. This example has implications for the management of other wetlands.
This video shows Sudanese refugees in a refugee camp discussing gender relations and gender activities of their livelihoods. This is done through explanations by men and women of diagrams drawn on the ground, and by role play and dramatisations. The latter highlights the issue of girlsÆ education, discussing issues such as pregnancy and the effect of domestic work on school performance.
This ten-minute video was made by Manor Street Community Group in North Belfast, Northern Ireland with the help of students from King Alfred's College. Manor Street is situated in the heart of an area divided by religious and political conflict. The film focuses on efforts by the Community Group to get support from the community and funding for a new Community Centre. After a 3-year public consultation period plans for the centre were drawn up and the City Council was approached for funding to build and run it (00). There was a great need for the centre. Since a wall had been built between the warring catholic and protestant communities shops had closed and buses stopped running (01). There was nothing for young people to do and vandalism was common (02). The problems had been exacerbated by the loss of the old centre and its youth club. All community spirit had gone from the area and the lack of opportunity for protestants and catholics to meet meant the two communities were even more divided (04). The Community Group made contact with various bodies to obtain support and funding. Discussions with residents made it clear that people wanted a centre which would provide something for all ages (05). One person suggested that keep fit classes for women could help deal with stress. The Centre would help put the heart back into the area by providing the community with a focal point and a morale booster (06). The plans provided space for a creche as well as rooms for meetings and classes for the unemployed (08.30). Volunteers from the community were sought to fundraise, run activities and join the management committee (09). The aim was to encourage the whole community to join in.