Noting the origins of RRA and PRA outside China, the authors propose æPRRAÆ as a Chinese adaptation. Its characteristics are participation in data collection and analysis, rapidity of the process, use of many methods to collect accurate information, and its use of a systems perspective of rural environmental and socio-economic phenomena. The stages of a æPRRAÆ process in a soil conservation and mountain development project in three villages in Zhejiang province, China, are described in the bulk of the article. The research team included natural and social scientists, local government forestry staff, and villagersÆ representatives. The conclusion notes that æPRRAÆ in the Chinese context must promote villagersÆ participation while not ignoring the important role of government. Both villagers and local government must participate in the whole æPRRAÆ process. Insiders and outsiders have equal roles in the process based on the advantages each can bring to it.
This article briefly introduces PRA and presents an example of its application to the evaluation of maternal and child health services in a small village in rural China. Following a wealth ranking, discussions with women were held concerning their utilisation of formal health services. The available health services were mapped and reasons for seeking treatment from different providers were expressed in the map. Matrix scoring elicited womenÆs evaluation of various maternal and child health service programmes, the most common sources of health information, and options for childbirth.
Following a brief introduction to PRA, the article describes the application of PRA methods to a study of reproductive health issues in a village in rural China. This involved health mapping, diagramming seasonality of disease, and a matrix ranking of preferred contraceptive techniques. The matrix is shown.
This is the first issue of the newsletter of the Yunnan PRA Network in China, founded in 1993. It summarizes Network activities in 1995 and early 1996, which have included trainings, training of trainers, and an application to micro credit. There are also short dialogues exemplifying behaviour and attitude issues, lists of publications in English and Chinese held at the NetworkÆs office and a list of Network members.
This book (in Chinese) introduces and explains a number of social science methodologies which can be applied to rural development, including: RRA, PRA, Social Impact Assessment, Gender Analysis in Resource Management, Situation -Specific Analysis, and Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation. The chapter on PRA discusses the differences with RRA. The chapter on PM&E explains the concepts behind PM&E, and discusses process and indicators.