The Gamba Protected Areas Complex (GPAC) in Gabon is an Integrated Conservation and Development Project designed to conserve ecosystems in the Guinea-Congo Basin and promote sustainable natural resource development. This article presents a socioeconomic survey undertaken by members of the local community using PRA techniques. The objectives of this survey were to determine the boundaries of terroirs villageois (buffer zones within which sustainable use of natural resources would be permitted), gather qualitative and quantitative information on the life of rural communities living in this area and develop the rapport needed for participatory management. The article outlines some of the PRA tools used aswell as emphasising the need to allow time to build rapport and trust within communities. It highlights the importance of using both qualitative and quantitative approaches in the Gamaba Complex through two examples, firstly, geographic positioning and delimiting of terroirs villageois and secondly, measuring damage caused by elephants to food crops.
This is the fourth in a series of books on civic education and democracy building published by the Africa Community Publishing and Development trust. It is conceptualised by the community publishing process, which combines democratic ideas with local knowledge and creativity, and uses participatory methods. It is collectively authored by over 3,500 citizens living in rural Zimbabwean communities. Participants explore a concept of democracy for Africa which is inclusive and multifaceted, encompassing many spheres of life, and in stark contrast to global capitalist models; and how it might be put into practice. They draw on a wealth of material from present and former thinkers on human progress - Gandhi and Chomsky, literary sources, and UN statistics. The discussion topics of the book is divided into six sections on the definition of democracy; ideas on democracy from African history, tradition and experience; ideas on democracy from international experience; characteristics of democratic organisations; common problems in relation to democracy; and strategies to strengthen democracy. Its co-authors adopt a variety of media to illustrate their thinking: political cartoons and illustrations, sculpture and poetry. The publication is aimed at grassroots community workers, and national and international development activists, and includes a facilitator's guide for workshops.
This paper presents some basic challenges faced by ZOA-Refugee Care, an international Christian NGO, in Rwanda in recent years. The organisation has been working in the post-1994 genocide and war period to provide emergency aid, and now increasingly focuses on community development work. The paper reports on the background of the project, issues around institutional environment and organisation change of ZOA-Rwanda, notes from the PRA sessions held, and follow-up processes. Along with specific recommendations, it is seen that the decentralisation policy of the Rwandan government offers a good opportunity for a participatory approach, particularly as local authorities have a large impact on the progress of a development programme and are crucial to inducing change.
In the past, poverty alleviation programmes have been implemented with limited involvement of poor people in determining the mode of intervention. PRA has been used in recent times to highlight the poor peoples' own perspective of poverty. This paper presents some of the experiences in sub-Saharan Africa.
"Inspite of the rains, the ground is still dry" : the Ghana Participatory Poverty Assessment studies; impacts, implications and lessons for the future.
This dissertation argues that the Ghana Participatory Poverty Assessment (PPA) was successful methodologically, in terms of obtaining the views of the poor concerning their priorities and strategies to combat poverty. However, in spite of the exercise receiving wide international attention, the results have yet to be accepted as a relevant data source within Ghana itself, owing to a strong preference for statistical data in social policy research.
A report of a one day workshop held in Maputo for practitioners, partners and beneficiaries of the Mozambique Participatory Poverty Assessment (PPA). The report examines three themes: process, utility and institutionalisation.
The PPA process and methodological issues of qualitative data collection, institutional partnerships and PPA implementation are discussed under process. Utility of the PPA is looked at in terms of the value added of participatory and qualitative approaches and the issue of institutionalisation includes options for increasing the application and impact of the PPA as a functional tool for poverty alleviation activities.
This book is based on the experiences of the success and failure of national and international networks and attempts to answer some key questions related to networking for use in the development process: It attempts to answer the following questions:
À What is a network?
À How do networks function?
À Why are some networks very successful but others disappointing?
It provides a synthesis of the issues, as well as offering practical advice. The first part of the book discusses the benefits and problems of networking and sets out guidelines for successful networking with examples from a range of development networks. The second part illustrates these points more fully with a detailed case study of animal traction networks in Africa.