This resource book is about people’s participation in decision-making and about people’s right to have a ‘voice’, to be heard and to choose their own representatives. Democracy is an ongoing process and to create more just and equal societies it is essential that democratic “spaces” are made that enable real influence for those living in poverty. This book is for local level civil society practitioners who want to make their own voice heard, and who want to involve more people in their efforts to make their opinions and ideas heard at the local level, in elected local government and other state bodies, in civil society organisations, and in public spaces and media.
This tool kit from the African network on Participatory Approaches provides a training manual and tool box for participatory village planning based on experiences with Village Level Participatory Approaches (VLPA) in five West-African countries (Mali, Guinea, C¶te d'Ivoire, Benin, and Burkina Faso) and Madagascar. The process of participatory village planning is explained step by step and illustrated by examples from several case studies in these countries. A set of cards (tools) spells out the successive steps in the planning process. Constraints and enabling conditions for a country-wide implementation of the approach in the new political and social setting of African countries are also dealt with. The manual is directed towards field practitioners, but also to policy makers who are responsible for formulating strategies of rural development and agricultural extension services. It comprises three parts. Part one presents the objectives and general principles of the participatory approach. It also discusses participatory methods and provides details on the steps and tools appropriate to each stage of the process. To facilitate their use, the tools are also presented in individual worksheets, which form part of this manual (the tool box). Part two describes the underlying conditions necessary for successful implementation of the participatory approach. It also discusses the roles of the various actors involved. Part three describes the conditions necessary for successful implementation of the participatory approach. It also describes what adoption of the approach means for organization of service delivery at the local, regional and national levels.
This paper traces the development the Village Animal Health Worker (VAHW) training programme in Nepal developed by the United Mission to Nepal (UMN). After twenty years the VAHWs had no official recognition or legal registration. Discussion led to the following criteria to be established in order to gain certification, and the equivalent of a 'level one' post in the civil service: VAHWs to complete a two-week training course; a six-month post-training review by trainers; eligibility for the skills test examination after one year's experience.|Overall, government certification and recognition has been an important step in the development of VAHWs. It allows them to play a critical role in national animal health programmes, and extends the reach of veterinary services to those who would otherwise have no services. Yet this process has tended to devalue those who have not been able to achieve certification, such as those who lack formal education standards.
This toolkit was elaborated by the Economic Literacy Action Network (ELAN) in the USA. The aim of the toolkit is to help people strengthen their analysis of globalisation and share ideas of ways that people were struggling against globalisation internationally. The toolkit is based on a gathering held in Chicago 1998 where educational materials already created were shared and discussed, and on consequent sessions held in ELAN groups. It presents seven sessions on different subject related to globalisation, which can be used as a basis for discussion, learning and reflection, and is intended to be used in smaller groups. The sessions include exercises, questions and case studies. The toolkit first gives a brief introduction to the principles and practices of popular education and goes on to the sessions, with the following contributions: womenÆs education in the global economy, looking at how women indifferent countries and communities are tied together by the globalisation of production and markets; a global economy workshop in three parts focussing on power relations and new peopleÆs movements, and a globalisation glossary; Analysing the financial crises in Asia; Privatisation; WTO for beginners; a workbook dealing with welfare, crime, injustice and health care from a Southern perspective, including a critical thinking toolbox; a participatory workshop on womenÆs labour and economic globalisation. The toolkit is concluded with a directory to ELAN groups.
This manual suggests themes, training methods and activities to facilitators carrying out governance training programmes, giving a foundation in the governance debate and promoting citizenÆs desire and capacity to take an active part in the processes of democracy. The manual is addressed to trainers as a guide in conducting a five-day programme, for groups of 20-25 people, in governance issues. It consists of 14 sessions and applies participatory training methods requiring the participants to analyse situations and express their opinions. The trainers therefore should have special facilitating skills and the ability to synthesise the responses given by participants. The manual addresses the following key issues: the concepts of governance and good governance; the rationale for good governance; how to promote good governance and encourage active citizenship; and the roles of active citizenship and civil society organisations. All sessions are structured and easily accessible, setting out the objectives for trainers and participants, giving indication of the duration of the session, and suggestions for training methods. The session is then explained step by step with suggested timings. The sessions include: citizens and governance; introduction to human rights; civil society; issues faced by citizens; women in governance; overcoming injustices in civil society; active citizenship; civil society organisations; advocacy for civil society organisations; networking; participants as actors; and an evaluation and closing session.
The Source from which rivers flow: organising for local governance, poverty reduction and development
This book is about how to strengthen communitiesÆ organising skills, confidence, creativity and relationships. It is designed for citizens and local leaders who are active in local development, but could also be useful to urban residents, councillors and agencies working with communities. It was produced through the community publishing process in Zimbabwe, and was enriched with ideas and examples from citizens and local leaders involved in a pilot programme in Gokwe North, Umzingwane and Maboto called Strengthening Citizen Participation in Local Governance. The book is based on participatory methods and provides question for the reader to reflect on. Although it can be read individually the bok is designed to be read by small groups in study circles, using methods described in the guide. The authors recommend it be used with two other books by ACPD (Africa Community Publishing and Development Trust) called Local Governance and Participation and Peace-building which have important chapters on communication and conflict resolution. The book is divided into ten sections focusing on teamwork; shared leadership; meeting for a purpose; research and writing; choosing priorities and analysing problems; decision making; planning; community participation in financial management; supervising, monitoring and evaluation; and co-ordination, negotiation and advocacy. The book also has a guide for facilitators giving tips on how to involve all participants in the group discussions. A very brief bibliography of associated literature is also included.
A citizens jury (CJ) can be described as ôan opportunity for people to express an informed view on a subject, according to their principlesö. The CJ includes ordinary people on the jury, who get information from specialists with different perspectives, and make conclusions on community issues in order to influence decision makers. This handbook uses a series of cartoons as a guide, to take you through a step-by-step process on how to plan, implement, and follow-up citizens juries (CJs). The cartoons illustrate what a CJ is, why you might want to have one, what the main ingredients of a CJ are, and how to set up and realise a CJ. The manual explains the origins of citizensÆ juries, and provides examples of some of the situations in which you might feel it would be worthwhile to hold a citizensÆ jury yourself. An accompanying video, æTeach yourself citizensÆ juries: Making a differenceÆ, has been prepared to accompany the manual; portraying examples of successful CJs in the UK.
This book aims to provide field-based tools for linking the ‘micro’ or voices at local level, with the ‘macro’ public-policy making at higher levels. Drawing from research in developing countries, it describes 27 voice tools for gaining insights into the larger picture and institutional spaces.
This three-volume set from Community Partnership centre (CPC) includes a participant's journal, a facilitator's handbook, and a facilitatorÆs resource guide. It describes and outlines the process for developing a CPC Citizen Learning Team and promoting participation in sustainable community development efforts. The model facilitates the community participation in the identification, evaluation and monitoring of community concerns. The participantÆs journal is designed to be used during work in a Learning Team divided into phases, where each phase begins with a question that provides an objective for team members to follow. The facilitatorÆs handbook is intended both for trained researchers and community members who wish to facilitate participation in the community development process, giving an introduction to the CPC evolving model for participatory community development research and practice. It goes through this process giving advice to prospective facilitators, phase-by-phase and providing general tips on meeting facilitation. The facilitatorÆs resource guide provides brief articles and other information sources such as internet links, relating to the topics of each phase. The phases in the project are divided as follows: how to work together and define goals; rationale and selection of what to learn; sourcing information and knowledge; action planning; evaluation and updating of the learning agenda; and visions for the future.
Using PRA techniques to collect information for the purposes of policy analysis, raises different issues from using PRA in an NGO project context. Training exercises for policy-oriented PRA need to be "custom-designed" for government staff who tend to have a more "top-down" approach, work in discrete departments and have restricted time for learning PRA. The article suggests how to plan a training programme in view of these points.
This resource book explores the theme of power. It discusses key issues about what power is, how it is used and what role power plays in change processes. It presents tools for analysing power and practical strategies for civil society practitioners to manoeuvre and negotiate through the webs of hidden power towards more inclusive people centred development.