This training manual is designed for members of Philippine local government units (LGUs) and civil society groups to increase their knowledge of participatory local governance. It responds to the prevailing view in the Philippines that decentralisation has not changed institutional arrangements at the local level, but has devolved rent-seeking. Decentralisation and citizen participation in local governance are seen to be key to citizen and barangay empowerment. The manual seeks to fill the knowledge gap in LGU officers and citizen organisations, about the opportunities, rights and duties pertaining to citizen participation and barangay governance. The topics included are concepts and processes of participatory governance, decentralisation and features of the 1991 Local Government Code and administration of LGUs, features of barangay governance, revenue and fiscal concerns, participatory development planning (with PRA methods) and budgeting and barangay (village) enterprise development. Mainstream development theories are challenged, and alternatives for sustainable local development through sustained community organisation are proposed, to address gender and other inequalities.