This training manual with a practical reference guide clearly presents the rationale for participatory project development and a step-by-step process for its use in training workshops. Workshop sessions are outlined in a sequence of stages in project development, viz., planning (understanding the community, needs assessment, determination of goals and objectives, assessment of resources and constraints, planning project activities), implementation and evaluation. The use of sample charts, checklists, and worksheets applied to different stages of project development make it easy for trainers to follow the reference guide. The manual emphasises community participation at all stages of project development.
This is a comic-style training booklet detailing a community in the Philippines deciding to change things for themselves following an illness from drinking dirty water. By organising themselves to establish a safe water supply they expose many other community issues and form a core group to tackle them. The booklet details how the group develops using a community information and planning system (CIPS) and eventually set up of a variety of schemes and village committees.
The first of the two main sections to this report is a resume of the training programme and schedule. The main second section consists of a series of eight papers and annexes which are aimed at providing background theory to the subject of community development. The themes they cover are: peoples participation in rural development; community organisation - concepts and principles; women and rural development; community, change agents and their organisational strategies; formation, constitution and functioning of Mathar Sangams; initiating community action for development; panchayati Rai System; and participatory watershed management. This last focuses on a specific programme which used PRA to discuss issues relating to canals and identify a management committee who could take the process further.
This handbook provides an overview of new methods of community planning within the context of the built environment. It is based on the recognition that local involvement in the planning and management of the environment is the best way to ensure safe, strong and sustainable communities and that this is applicable throughout the world. It is laid out in a straightforward, jargon-free format that reflects its aim of being of use to individuals and residents as well as policy makers and practitioners. After a general introduction there is an A-Z of general principles, followed by the biggest section, an A-Z of 53 Community Planning Methods that runs from Action Planning Event to Video Soapbox. A selection of scenarios follows, covering some common development situations and illustrating ways in which the different methods can be combined in an overall strategy. It ends with lists of useful formats and checklists, publications and contacts.
A series of articles in this issue report on a research project for the International Water and Sanitation Centre (IRC) working with partner organizations in Kenya, Cameroon, Guatemala, Colombia, Nepal and Pakistan and focusing on the role of communities in the improved management of rural water resources.
This paper looks at a Community Originated Livestock Training programme in Bolivia which began in the late 1980s. The programme involved community training in livestock production and healthcare in a sustainable farm system. The priorities were to provide training, and build local people's capacity to develop and administer their own programmes. Three basic premises guided these programmes:|Every farmer should have as much access to information about livestock in their primary language as they want;|If farm families have an understanding of some farm economics, and have good income and nutrition from their livestock, they will want to invest in the health and care of their livestock so that they keep producing a good income;|CAHWs are most valuable in the long term as an integral part of a local organisation rather than only as an individual entrepreneur.|Approaches that are common to these premises are presented in the paper.
This booklet contains lessons developed by the Ecology and Natural Resource Education project, West Bengal, India, and tried out on teachers and children. It is intended for teachers and community workers who are actively involved in environmental education or activity. It provides ideas on how to prepare lesson plans promoting action learning, participatory learning and sharing tools, and ideas on how to connect classroom lessons to the community.