The United Mission to Nepal (UMN) Animal Health Improvement Project (AHIP) has been training Village Animal Health Workers (VAHW) in Pokhara, Nepal for the last decade. During this time approximately 350 VAHWs have been trained. This article outlines some of the techniques that were used to evaluate the subsequent progress of the trainees. General village-level information was gathered using various participatory methods, including mapping, wealth ranking, production information, labour diagrams, proportional piling and annual disease calendars, transect walks and progeny histories. Semi-structured interviews were also carried out individually with male and female farmers and VAHWs to find out how the VAHWs assessed their own work and how the farmers viewed the service they received.
These pages report evaluations by participants of a PRA training workshop in Thailand. They also explain the rationale for holding the workshop and its objectives. The organisation of the training workshop is also outlined.
This review examines the implementation, process, outputs and impact of the Stepping Stones training package on HIV/AIDS, communication and relationship skills in two communities in Uganda.
Experience with PRA training and hands-on implementation : results of an ex-post study of PRA training courses
This article describes the findings and effectiveness of the introduction of the PRA approach and methodology in the German Agency for Technical Co-operation (GTZ).
Facilitators are being called upon to work in international and cross-cultural arenas more than ever before to help groups identify and achieve their goals and resolve differences in areas including governance, education, health and community development. This book provides a practical approach for facilitators needing to enhance their skills when working with people from a diverse range of backgrounds. Using a step-by-step approach, it takes the facilitator through ideas, processes, models and frameworks that are designed to assist with the preparation, facilitation and evaluation of workshops. Based on research and facilitator experiences, it advises how to adapt learning materials to suit specific situations and offers techniques to deal with conflict.
Facilitating the Introduction of a Participatory and Integrated Development Approach (PIDA) in Kilifi District, Kenya: Vol 1: Recommendations for institutionalising PIDA based on 4 pilot projects
PIDA (Participatory and Integrated Development Approach) has been used in four pilot projects in Kilifi district, Kenya. PRA is an integral part of the PIDA approach : an initiating phase is followed by a PRA phase, then a follow-up phase. This volume discusses in detail the institutionalisation of the PIDA approach within Kilifi district structures. The process of running PRA training, developing community action plans and implementing follow-up is described, with the emphasis on the latter which 'has so far been totally neglected in the PRA literature'. The report is written from a planning and organisational angle, concentrating more on the process of producing plans and reports than on training methodologies.
Facilitating the introduction of a Participatory and Integrated Development Approach (PIDA) in Kilifi District, Kenya: Vol 2: From concept to action: a manual for trainers and users of PIDA
This manual is designed for the implementers of the PIDA (Participatory and Integrated development Approach) pilot projects in Kilifi district, Kenya. The eighteen steps of PIDA include a PRA training workshop but place greater emphasis on the follow-up phase. This manual introduces PRA theory and methods, as well as sessions on skills appropriate to follow-up, such as 'reader-friendly writing' and 'drafting the proposal'. Instructions for each PRA activity are given, followed by a description of how the activity worked in the project area, including what went wrong. Seasonal calendars, transects etc prepared as part of the project are also illustrated. This manual is clearly laid out but the detailed written instructions may prove too lengthy for readers with English language difficulties.
This handbook discusses the basic definitions and principles of M&E, including where, why and how evaluation is carried out, and a detailed examination of what qualities are possessed by both good and bad indicators. There is an in-depth discussion of the functions of community based M&E and a list of 'ten steps' is provided to guide in developing and supporting a community based M&E system. Each steps is examined and illustrated with reference to a project in in India. There is also a list of do's and dontÆs in supporting a community based M&E system and a discussion of links that can exist between the M&E systems of an agency such as an NGO and that of a community based organisation. The paper concludes with a discussion of how M&E fits into the project cycle and the importance of fostering the right attitudes towards M&E practice is emphasised.
Draft of a guide due out in January 2000 which is designed to help organisations recognise their own potential and decide for themselves how to best address the challenges they face. It uses participatory methods and tools to enable organisations to assess their strength and weaknesses, reflect on their performance, learn from experience, identify priorities for program development and strengthen their organisational capacity. It is not a recipe to follow, but aims to give an understanding of the underlying concepts of capacity building and participatory action learning so that the reader can adapt the exercises and methods presented, or invent new ones.
This manual on community based forestry work from the Nepal Australia Community Forest Project has been written with the problems of the hill regions in Nepal in mind, but it may also be relevant to the forestry challenges in other countries. It is a revised edition of that brings up to date changes brought about by the Nepal Forestry Act of 1993. The aim of the manual is to provide field workers and facilitators ideas of how to go about establishing rapport and working with villagers in forestry management projects. In concise words, it goes through some of the mains issues and gives practical tips and instructions on how to work with the community. The first part of the manual gives a background to the community approach to forestry examining the role of the community forestry worker. Part two looks at the practicalities of working in a village: how to start up a project; the integration of community forestry work with routine forestry work; and how to reach women. Part three examines ways of understanding the village and their relation to the forest: getting information on what villagers need; describing and mapping users; defining interest groups; and conducting surveys. Part four considers approaches for meetings and the practicalities of villager involvement, looking at the need to work together; small groups meetings and interests groups; and committees. Finally part five examines decision making with the organisation of decision making meetings; setting up operational plans; and follow up. The authors emphasise that the guide should be interpreted flexibly. Two appendices list the categories of forest in Nepal (private, community, leasehold), providing a management framework and basic legal information; and a bibliography of references for further reading on community based forestry management.
People living in mountain ecosystems in the developing world are particularly vulnerable to climate change as a result of their high dependence on natural resources for their livelihoods, comparatively higher exposure to extreme events, and widespread poverty and marginalisation. However, little is known about the impacts of climate change on these communities, people’s perceptions of change, or their capacity to adapt. In order to identify the key determinants for future adaptation, we need to have a much better understanding of these issues. This publication provides an analytical framework and methodology for assessing environmental and socioeconomic changes affecting the livelihoods of rural, natural resource dependent communities living in mountainous environments. It also gives guidance on how to gain a better understanding of the forces which shape mountain communities’ vulnerabilities, and the capacities inherent to these communities for coping and adapting. The framework is intended primarily for development practitioners and institutions working on climate change vulnerability and adaptation in mountainous environments.
From Beneficiaries to Agents of Change: self-administrable tools to assess community preparedness for vulnerability reduction
This guide shows how self-administrable tools can be used to assess community mobilisation of any community-based organisation (CBO). The book can help CBOs assess their own performance, plan their future strategies and monitor themselves.