This document is a guide to help you think through your campaigning; it sets out frameworks and tools developed by NEF for use in understanding NGO campaigning and advocacy work. They are not meant to be fixed tools, but guides to help innovative thinking towards better understanding of how campaigns work and how you can make your work more effective. This document is for: people involved in existing campaigns reflect more rigorously and carefully on their work with an aim to becoming more effective people wanting to start a campaign gain a better understanding of the complexities with an aim of influencing the strategies they choose to adopt.
Rejecting "the manual" for more critical and participatory analysis : REFLECT's experience in El Salvadore
REFLECT is a structured, participatory learning process that facilitates people's critical analysis of their environment. This process is guided by local facilitators, who in the early years of REFLECT were trained on the basis of the 'REFLECT Mother Manual'. There has been debate about whether or not to use a manual at all and if so, what form it should take. This article documents recent experiences from El Salvador, whereby facilitators of participatory processes learn by experiencing, rather than by being taught. The training process is described, which encompasses an experiential learning process of learning how to train facilitators 'on the job'.
In this Feedback section, barriers to the institutionalisation of PRA in NGOs in Nepal are discussed. Concerns are raised about the quality and follow-up of PRA training, in particular that PRA is not used on a systematic basis within organisations that have received PRA training. The lack of process-orientation of many PRA trainers may be a possible cause. Suggestions are made as to how to improve this situation in order to ensure more effective use of PRA in Nepal. In response to this, the second section focuses on NGO and donor roles in institutionalising participation in development, as the issues raised are not only confined to Nepal, but are of wider relevance to the development debate. Whilst good personal practice of trainers is essential, the process should be supported with affirmative action from the NGO and donor communities to institutionalise good practice. Recommendations are made to this effect.
A series of articles in this issue report on a research project for the International Water and Sanitation Centre (IRC) working with partner organizations in Kenya, Cameroon, Guatemala, Colombia, Nepal and Pakistan and focusing on the role of communities in the improved management of rural water resources.
Experience with PRA training and hands-on implementation : results of an ex-post study of PRA training courses
This article describes the findings and effectiveness of the introduction of the PRA approach and methodology in the German Agency for Technical Co-operation (GTZ).
Increasingly, governments and donors are advocating the participation of poor communities in the delivery of urban services and infrastructure. Yet local authorities responsible for implementing participatory policies often do not have the skills, organisations or resources needed, or an adequate idea of the capacity required. This sourcebook provides invaluable practical guidance for municipal officials, and others working in urban development and poverty reduction, on the range of issues to be addressed in planning and managing cities with community participation. It explains the key elements of participation, identifies common constraints and opportunities, describes the vehicles for moving participation forward and outlines the capacity building needed for a municipality to achieve participatory goals. Jannelle Plummer is an Urban Poverty Consultant based in South Africa and formerly a development officer with DFID. Contents: Introduction; A Strategic Framework for Municipal Capacity Building; The External Operating Context; The Elements of Participation; The Vehicles of Participation; Internal Capacity of the Municipality; Management Capacity of the Municipality; Framework for Action; Appendix and References
The use of PLA methodology in Partnership for Adoloscent Sexual and Reproductive Health Project (PALS) : A field guide.
Step by step guide designed for field workers on how to carry out a participatory appraisal with adoloscents of their sexual and reproductive health related issues. The process of data analysis and documentation is also briefly mentioned.
This short book contains 21 techniques of participation from around the world, giving ideas for choosing between them, using them effectively and where to go for more information. Included are practitioner explanations of techniques such as: action planning, citizens juries, community indicators, ensprited envisioning, future search, participatory appraisal, participatory theatre, planning for real and lots more.
Stepping Stones is a training package which has been developed on HIV/AIDS, communication and relationshiop skills. This guide is based on the experience of a a number of organisations who have adapted Stepping Stones either during an initial workshop or after using it in the field. The guide includes different types of adaptation that can be made, how to go about the process of adapting Stepping Stones and some practical issues to consider in doing so.
This review examines the implementation, process, outputs and impact of the Stepping Stones training package on HIV/AIDS, communication and relationship skills in two communities in Uganda.
The first sections of this manual present the basic concepts behind participatory adult education, examining the way in which adults learn and the training cycle. Important issues in livestock and agricultural training are covered, including gender, traditional knowledge and good commnunication and group work. Many training tools are described and an example given of each from a real situation.
Treasuring the gift : producing a sexual health learning pack for religious youth groups : project report
This report descibes the participatory process used to develop a sexual health learning pack by and for religious youth groups in Zambia.
Capacity-building in participatory upland watershed planning, monitoring and evaluation : a resource kit.
This resource kit for trainers has been prepared to help develop facilitators for watershed programes enabling farmers to own and implement their own watershed management plans. Key aspects covered include, facilitating farmers to analyse their current situations, visualise a better future and the steps needed to get there and develop simple yet meaningful indicators to evaluate and monitor their progress along the way.