This is a brief manual on PRA aimed at rural development workers/facilitators. Issues related to participation - its ideological basis and differences, and our understanding of participation based on our experience of the recent past - are discussed in the fist section of the manual. Discussion on PRA methods and techniques is dealt with in the second section of the manual. PRA methods most commonly in use such as mapping, time lines, wealth ranking etc. are discussed on a topic by topic basis with the use of pictures/charts wherever possible.