This paper documents the Philippines' National Irrigation approaches in organizing farmers to undertake management in the operation and maintenance of irrigation systems. The experience of turnover in this country is particularly unique in that the approach involved employment of farmers, as opposed to professional community organizers, in organizing co-farmers into irrigator associations. The farmers employed were well trained, and positive results were achieved in the following areas: active irrigators' associations at field and distributary levels; reduced operation and maintenance costs; increased fee collection rates; greater equity in water distribution. This case highlights that organizing farmer activities in this way shorten the turnover process, make it less expensive and, most importantly, be effective.
The Myrada Experience: The interventions of a voluntary agency in the emergence and growth of peoples' institutions for sustained and equitable management of micro-watersheds.
In 1984, MYRADA and the Government of Karnataka, with backing from the Swiss Development Co-operation, started working together in Gulbarga on a project focusing on watershed management. This booklet discusses invaluable practical lessons learnt so far in the PIDOW project about supporting people to better manage their natural resources. The first part discusses general lessons: critical indicators of success (sustainability and equity), people's priorities, the role of people's institutions, and why focus on people's participation in watershed management. The next three sections discuss strategies used in the intervention. They are applicable to projects in which Government and NGO are co-intervenors and operational partners; parts can certainly be adopted by an NGO-only project. The three sections deal with the entry phase, planning phase and implementation phase. The emphasis throughout is on the role of the NGO. The booklet ends with a case study of a situation which differs from the Gulbarga experience and the consequences of such differences in the process which takes place.
Outlines the process of preparing a village resource management plan in Sri Lanka. The villagers used mapping, seasonal calendars, matrix ranking and chapati diagramming to analyze their situation and identify problems and solutions. The exercise was part of a PRA training programme for civil servants from five government departments, many of whom found it very rewarding and demonstrated a strong commitment to the participatory planning approach.
The North Western Dry Zone Participatory Development Project in Sri Lanka attempts to introduce a participatory approach in all stages of programme planning and implementation. This booklet on user's guidelines on PRA techniques has been developed using the recent experience of PRA conducted in the project area. Brief guidelines are given on how to use the following techniques: mapping and modelling, seasonal analysis, wealth ranking, venn diagrams, matrix scoring and ranking, transects, change and trend diagrams, and semi-structured interviews. Participatory village resource management planning is also briefly discussed.
They can do it : part 1 : field testing a framework of participatory planning in six villages for participatory forest management program.
This document reports on a participatory process developed for community forestry management planning in Kerala.
A framework which consists of entry, preparatory and planning stages is outlined. For each of the phases the objective is outlined, the tasks to be carried out detailed step by step and the desired end result set out. Results and experiences from piloting this framework are documented. Finally, a three stage framework for participatory implementation of the plans developed is suggested.
Capacity-building in participatory upland watershed planning, monitoring and evaluation : a resource kit.
This resource kit for trainers has been prepared to help develop facilitators for watershed programes enabling farmers to own and implement their own watershed management plans. Key aspects covered include, facilitating farmers to analyse their current situations, visualise a better future and the steps needed to get there and develop simple yet meaningful indicators to evaluate and monitor their progress along the way.
This issue of the newsletter of the Asian Coalition for Housing Rights focuses on how poor people deal with eviction. It contains articles from all over Asia providing examples of how people have responded to eviction or threat of eviction. The articles look at the causes of eviction and ways to prevent it. It has special sections focussing especially on the situation in from India, Philippines, Indonesia, China, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Pakistan, Cambodia, South Africa, Japan, and Zimbabwe. Other themes include street vendors and eviction, eviction and law, local law and practice, and backup for communities under threat of evictions. Some of the main features focus on how to prevent eviction with information, alternative planning and collective action, including the examples of the Philippines Homeless People's Federation that survey vulnerable communities living in environmentally dangerous areas and use their information to negotiation resettlement or upgrading options with local governments; the struggle of a coalition of NGOs, community organisations, professionals and civic groups in Karachi, Pakistan, to stop the Lyari Expressway that would cause the city's largest ever evictions of poor communities; and the organisation of footpath dwellers in Mumbai, India, to defend their rights.
This is a resource book designed primarily for development workers working within the field of the rural poor. It describes a range of first-hand experiences with participatory approaches in the context of projects funded by The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and governments in Asia and the Pacific. The book is divided into a number of sections. Part One examines poverty and participation and explains why the poor should be targeted and in what ways this is possible. Part Two describes in detail the actual participatory approaches. Part three concentrates on participation in the project planning and implementation stage. Part Four assesses the monitoring impact and Part Five examines issues in participation with regards to institutions, partnerships and governance.