This article argues that theatre has featured highly in the tool kit of PRA yet there are many other forms of creative art which could be utilised, including dance, story telling, poetry and creative play. The article suggests that these other tools should be considered alongside theatre and the appropriate one selected according to the cultural environment and objectives of the exercise.
This is a study of efforts to improve the responsiveness of public services providers to the needs of service users, particularly the poorest service users. This paper examines over sixty case studies of both public-sector reforms to foster stronger client focus in service delivery; and civil-society initiatives to demand improved services. The work was concerned to identify means of amplifying citizen 'voice' such that engagement with the state moves beyond consultative processes to more direct forms of influence over policy and spending decisions. The case studies upon which the research is based are drawn from around the world, from developing and developed countries such as the UK, USA, India, Brazil, Ghana, Philippines and Tanzania. They are organised into 14 different types of 'voice' or 'responsiveness' mechanisms, and are available on: www.ids.ac.uk/ids/govern/citizenvoice/annexcs.html The study concludes with policy-relevent findings on ways of enhancing citizen-voice in decision-making, planning, and monitoring of public services. Individual case studies are available in full-text at http://www.ids.ac.uk/ids/particip/research/socpol.html
This paper explores how outcome measurement is understood in several SDC local governance programmes, reviewed in a HELVETAS Learning Project. This critical review assesses the extent to which power issues are recognised, understood and tracked within such programmes and suggests ways to enhance this. This includes being clear about what power and empowerment mean in a particular context, how the way power is implicitly understood in local government programmes can lead to a focus only the more formal and visible dimensions of power, and how the complexity of power means that a more clearly articulated and power-aware theory of change underpinning the intervention is needed.