Recent efforts by the Chilean government to promote civic education are seen to have contributed to social exclusion of the poorest people of the population. This paper was developed as part of a thesis, and evaluates the participatory model developed and implemented by the Chilean government. It attempts to determine the failures and possible areas for improvement by considering: who benefits, what is being offered and how, and what role should the beneficiaries play?
An analysis of over 100 communities was undertaken to test the hypothesis that the participation of the poorest people is possible given certain geographical and social conditions, local opportunities of the communities, and wider responses to community demands and political goals.
The following findings emerged and are put forward as considerations for improving project efficiency:
" Interventions are more successful in areas where inhabitants have secure land rights, and where basic services are present or are quickly provided;
" Larger communities tend to be more successful;
" Diversification and an increase in the programme's scope will attract poorer groups.
Scaling up from local perceptions of poverty to regional poverty profiles: developing a poverty profile for Honduras.
This paper argues that local perceptions of poverty have tended to be used as mere additions to more conventional poverty assessments because not only do people's perceptions of poverty differ making it difficult to compare results across locations but also, little is known about how to aggregate these local perceptions to be able to estimate overall levels of poverty at regional and national levels. Work carried out in Honduras to test a methodology designed to overcome these constraints is reported on step by step in the document.