The widespread uptake of participatory approaches has created a need to assess more critically if the work is benefitting women and men equally. Community differences are simplified, power relationships poorly understood and conflicts avoided or ignored. The contributors to this book provide an overview of issues and lessons, theoretical reflections, practical experiences and examples of how organizations are attempting to integrate gender into the participatory process.
This chapter examines the view that the word participation is experienceing a renaissance in the 1990s. So widespread is its us that some talk of a paradigm shift to participatory development. Chambers argues here that reversing power relations is the key and the weak link in achieving participation.
This collection of articles demonstrates some of the methodological problems which may be experienced in participatory research. This is followed by examples of participatory research, which illustrate general and methodological observations from different sectors and continents. Donors perspectives are the subject of a chapter and finally there is a listing of contacts in participatory research and networking.
Popular education in Latin America : examining the role of 'outsiders' in facilitating processes of empowerment at the grassroots
This master thesis argues that in popular education in latin america there lies an approach to development work in which outsiders could have a real and useful role as catalysts of empowering processes that would correspond to the true needs and aspirations of the poor. The paper looks at education and development and the role of the outsider as an educator. Looking at the impact of outside popular educators in a Mexican Indian village, the paper illustrates contradictions inherent in their role as facilitators of empowerment.
Using focus group discussions and key informant interviews this study examines the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade (MFAT) and practitioners' understanding of participatory development and the way in which it is implemented. The researcch reveals that often the implementation of participation is limited to simply 'involving' local people at various stages in a project. Constraints limiting participation at the empowerment end of the continuum are identified and recommendations made.
Analysing the deforestation narrative in the Businda Participatory Poverty Assessment Report : how was it constructed?
This paper analyses the environmental assessment of the Businda Sub-village, as part of the Shinyanga Region, Tanzania Participatory Poverty Assessment. The author argues that the perceptions of the researchers involved in the research came to prevail over those of the community and examines the reasons for this.
This book includes a wide ranging collection of papers which have been divided into sections dealing with communicating with children, gender empowerment, community interactive processes, approaches and insights, ethics and values of community participation and organizational capacity building.
This paper provides several examples of inappropriate policies and programmes in the field of natural resource management, as a basis for highlighting and reflecting on the importance of appropriate behaviour and attitudes on the part of policy makers and programm managers.
Robert Chambers argues that central issues in development have been overlooked and that many past errors have flowed from domination by those with power. Through analysing experience - of past mistakes and myths and of the continuing methodological revolution of PRA - the author points towards solutions. He argues that personal, professional and instiutional change is essential if the realities of the poor are to receive greater recognition.
This edition looks at interconnections between education and power. Articles cover: accountability of schools to communities, primary education for working children in India, theatre for development, participatory planning using Planning For Real, REFLECT, disability, gender, and more.