A compilation of four reports from the Institute for Development Research: "Ideology and Political Economy in Inquiry: Action Research and Participatory Research" by LD Brown and R Tandon; "People-Centered Development and Participatory Research" by LD Brown; "Participatory Research and Community Planning" by LD Brown; "Building Capacity Through Action Learning" by M Leach.
This is an exploration of the power dimensions of participatory development and research, and an attempt to look at the shifts in power within communities and institutions which are needed for participatory ideas to be effective. The aim of the book is to connect theory and practice. The book looks at the theoretical basis to participatory development work, drawing on related debates in anthropology, development studies and feminism. Demonstrating that these ideas are equally applicable in the North and in the South, case studies of participatory research techniques are drawn from sites as diverse as development theatre in Mali to video making with homeless people in the UK. Further chapters examine the relative power of the researcher or development agent vis-Ó-vis the community.
After reviewing participatory research and development within communities, the book extends the debate by questioning the shifts in power needed if institutions are to operate in a participatory manner. The book will be of interest to academics, students and practitioners in both the North and the South, and all those involved with courses in development studies, anthropology and sociology. In addition, the book will be a useful tool for agencies and practitioners involved in participatory-style development or research initiatives world-wide.
"Developing and using practical and appropriate community indicators is one of the most effective ways of engaging people's interest in their community, enabling them to identify and clarify what things are most important to them and what they would like to change." This guide introduces the idea of sustainable local communities and sustainability indicators. It provides ideas for how community members can get together, choose indicators, gather information, communicate progress and take action. At the back of the guide there are listings of useful people and projects in the UK, a list of jargon in use and examples of indicators chosen by communities.
This volume addresses three basic questions: what is participatory evaluation? In what contexts is it most useful? How does one actually do it in practice? The two primary themes in the volumes are practical participatory evluation , which is pragmatic and has as its central function the fostering of evaluation use; and transformative participatory evaluation which is based in emancipation and social justice activism and focuses on the empowerment of oppressed groups.
We all take economic decisions in our everyday life yet we are led to believe that "economics" is best left to the experts - that it is a beast beyond most people's understanding and control. This book is one representation of the efforts of everyday people to take matters into their own hands. It is a compilation of materials developed by community groups and economic educators who have collectively explored local, national and international systems and dynamics. It represents voices that, like the vast majority of people, don't benefit from economic policies but together say "We can understand economics. We know what is at stake. And we demand a voice at the table of economic decision-making, alongside the lobbyists and politicians". The book is divided into five sections:
À Popular Patterns (in our experience)
À Threading it Together: Activities
À The Fabric of our Work: Issues and Analysis
À Expressions (of our discontent): Using Multi-media Creatively
À Resources: Individual and Organisational Contacts
The purpose of the book is to share these activities with other people in the interest of economic and political empowerment. It aims to get rid of confusing language and put economics into terms that everyone can easily understand. It provides copious tools: it is full of activities that encourage involvement, understanding, learning and action.
This paper from the Rockefeller Foundation uses case studies from four states in the United States (Atlanta, New York, California, and Maryland) to discuss the challenges and benefits of community building initiatives. It seeks to demonstrate how community building in poor urban communities can help to strengthen the social fabric of the communities and address the issue of urban poverty. Furthermore, it offers various institutional approaches to community development and describes five pillars of community building: leadership, patience, realistic but high expectations, community-wide capacity building, and courage and candor about race.
Participatory development and civil society : networking, capacity building and advocacy : strategic plan (1997 - 2000) of PRIA International
This document presents the networking, capacity building and advocacy strategic plan of PRIA (Society for Participatory Research in Asia) from 1997-2000. It offers the history of the organisation and discusses its present role, challenges, mission, strategies, and proposed activities. It also provides an outline of the financial breakdown and needs of the organisation.
This document is a chapter from a book titled "Resident Involvement and Community Action". The chapter looks at the involvement of younger residents in community action, and starts by examining this in the context of the United Nations' Convention on the Rights of the Child. It goes on to look at children and young people's needs and perspectives, explores some key principles and methods of participation and looks at examples where children have participated. It concludes that planning activities rarely consult children, yet their inclusion in resident participation brings benefits for all involved.
Community based sustainable human development : a proposal for going to scale with self-reliant social development
This document proposes an approach to sustainable development that includes three environmental care objectives of ecosystem management, meeting basic needs, and community empowerment. It notes a growing consensus that sustainable human development depends mainly on what people in their families and their communities do for themselves. The document argues that under any political or economic system, sustainable development seems to follow a common sequence. Projects move from pilot phase into large scale implementation. It highlights a UNICEF program, "SCALE for human development" and discusses topics such as preconditions for sustainable development, stages of action, and basic principles in sustainable human development, among others.
The Six thinking hat model : a tool for participation in community development, the experience of an NGO in Cambodia
This paper documents the experience of the NGO Christian Outreach, working in Cambodia on a programme of community development. The programme is focussed on awareness change and works with a number of participatory techniques to animate change.
The paper draws attention to some of the difficulties of a truly open-ended conversation. It picks up on a simple model for describing thinking, called the "six thinking hat model", created by Edward De Bono. This model has been widely used in both adult and child education in the USA and Europe, and in management workshops for multinational companies. The paper describes the adoption of the model for community development in Cambodia. It describes the basic model, it's use for staff capacity-building, and its use in rural village communities as a framework for open-ended conversations. It concludes that the model is a useful tool for ensuring comprehensive analysis of problems, creating a framework for conversations and preventing conflict.
This is a comic-style training booklet detailing a community in the Philippines deciding to change things for themselves following an illness from drinking dirty water. By organising themselves to establish a safe water supply they expose many other community issues and form a core group to tackle them. The booklet details how the group develops using a community information and planning system (CIPS) and eventually set up of a variety of schemes and village committees.
This article focuses on gender aspects of participatory projects. It draws on the author's own research as well as secondary sources and states that gender inequalities in resources, time, and power, influence the priorities and framework of participatory projects as much as "top-down" development and market activities. Increasing the numbers of women involved in participatory projects cannot, therefore, be seen as a soft alternative to specific attention to change in gender inequality. Meeting the demands of poor women in the South will require not only local participatory projects, but a linking with wider movements for change in the national and international development agenda.