This document focusses on the issue of women's participation in PRA in the Upper Cimanuk Watershed Component of the World Bank. The factors constraining women's participation in PRA meetings are discussed including, time factors, information flows, location of meetings and cultural and religious aspects.
The strategies devised to overcome these constraints to women's participation are then discussed.
This video concerns using PRA methods to facilitate villagers and forestry fieldworkers learning from eachother (01). It largely concentrates on PRA as tools for information collection, to identify users and their needs, and to formulate workable management plans (04). The video shows and discusses 8 PRA tools which form the basics of community forestry: establishing rapport (06), informal interview (09), reaching women (11), key informants (15), mapping (16), forest profiles or transect walk (21), time or seasonality chart (23) and direct observation (24). Versions available in English or Nepali.
This is the unedited recording of a meeting between Scottish Forestry Commission officials and participants in an international workshop on social forestry. It shows the meeting (00-85) and reflections on the discussions by participants from a number of countries of the æSouthÆ.
Pair-wise and Line Animal-ranking Determinations of Farmer Attitudes and Farmer-Imposed Production Constraints
Information on farmer attitudes towards categories of livestock and farmer -imposed production constraints was elicited using pair-wise and line animal-ranking in a community in Honduras. Reasons for preference were elicited and gender differentiation in livestock preference were found to be minimal. The techniques used were evaluated, and pair-wise ranking was found to produce the most extensive and reliable information about perceived production constraints and the value of the animals.
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Farmer Field Schools have now been conducted in over 20,000 villages in Indonesia and other countries in the South. This report gives details of what an IPM School is, how they are initiated, emerging results, key IPM principles and consolidation of farmer based IPM. It also looks beyond the schools themselves to the potential of initiatives such as farmer to farmer training programmes and using IPM for other crops.
This special briefing records the findings of a which brought together thirty researchers, research users and representatives of funding agencies from Canada and the UK to examine how researchers, policy makers, funding and other agencies/groups could be involved in developing, executing and communicating research. The briefing elaborates on the notion of interactive research, identifies elements of good practice and notes that further debate and analysis is required to promote the development of interactive and meaningful research that is relevant to the needs of research users and the wider community.
Engendering greater citizen rights in Campfire: a double edged sword?: some reflections from the case study of Hurungwe
When the Communal Areas Management Programme for Indigenous Resources (CAMPFIRE) was formulated in the late 1980s it was seen as introducing a compendium of rights related to making a living from the management of wildlife resources by local communities. Since the mid-1990s questions have been asked about the nature and form of citizen rights (if any) that the CAMPFIRE model engenders. Specific questions have centred on whether there was adequate devolution of authority to enhance community participation above the level of ArnsteinÆs tokenism. This paper looks at CAMPFIRE ten years on through a case study of Hurungwe district in Zimbabwe. It shows that to some, CAMPFIRE was able to: develop new skills and knowledge (district level bureaucratic and village elites); provide limited mitigation against some covariate risks in a generally neglected frontier region; and, more crucially provide a platform to demand accountability from elected leadership. To others, CAMPFIRE is resented as synonymous with usurped rights to make a living (evicted squatters and victims of wildlife damage). The paper argues with some specific examples that the exercise of citizen power can be a double-edged sword. While benefiting some, for others it has trampled on their rights to make a living. While enhancing participation and accountability, the practice of the same citizen power is potentially detrimental to wildlife conservation. The paper concludes that although there are still unresolved tensions in the CAMPFIRE model, not least a shared understanding of the nature and place of citizenship rights and the final end state of devolved wildlife management, the core principles and founding values of CAMPFIRE are still ideals to strive for.