Participatory microplanning: SEWA's approach: Jeevika - livelihood security project for earthquake -affected rural households in Gujarat
This paper follows SEWA's experiment with participatory microplanning to assist earthquake-affected communities in Gujarat, following the devastating earthquake of January 2001. SEWA's approach, adapted from a membership to a community focus, resulted in the Livelihood Security Project for Earthquake Affected Rural Households in Gujarat (Jeevika), which came about as a response to calls from the communities to rebuild themselves through securing sustainable livelihoods, rather than focussing on relief.
SEWA's goal is that the communities involved (some 400 villages) will take responsibility for planning, implementation and monitoring of the Project's programmes, and then managing and maintaining same upon completion. The challenges faced and successes achieved are documented; although the Project is heavily human-resourced, SEWA is committed to the notion of the communities' self-reliance and sustainability.
Participatory programme learning for women's empowerment in micro-finance programmes : negotiating complexity, conflict and change.
Micro-finance programmes are currently promoted as strategies for both alleviating poverty and also empowering women. However, a number of recent academic studies have questioned the benefits of such programmes for women. Given the need to examine their gender impact, this paper proposes an alternative to the traditional costly quantitative and qualitative impact studies. A participatory approach is proposed which integrates empowerment concerns with ongoing programme learning, which in itself contributes to empowerment.
Irrigation management transfer in Turkey : early experience with a national program under rapid implementation.
Presents the case study of the Accelerated Irrigation Transfer Program in Turkey whereby transfer of government built and operated systems has taken place. The case study is of particular interest because of the speed of the process and also because the transfer of responsibility has been to local village or municipal governments or representative federations of villages or municipalities rather than to farmer associations which has been the norm in other countries.
The process adopted for transferring management responsibility is documented and reveals that there has been little participation by water users. Factors facilitating the process are identified and an initial assessment of impacts, benefits and costs is made and potential future problems and challenges suggested.