This chapter examines three NGOs operating in Bhutanese refugee camps in Nepal to analyse the different approaches to incorporating women and refugees into organisational structural hierarchies, and the impact this has had on programme activities and women. In doing so, it probes the multi-faceted relationships between the structure of development organisations, women's participation, and empowerment.
This paper analyses the different approaches taken by three NGOs working in Bhutanese refugee camps in Nepal, to incorporate women and refugees into their organizational structures. The impacts the different strategies had on both programme activities and women are examined.
Article on how authoratitive arguments made by local people can be transmitted through video. Maasai men record a film stating that local residents are best equipped to undertake environmental conservation. International bodies and conservation authorities try to stop distribution of the video, because their report tells a story different to that told by the Maasai. They try to discredit the video. The article concludes that project coalitions can use video to get involved in local processes of negotiation.
Guide to participatory research that provides information regarding strategies, methods and resources used by practicing participatory researchers to mobilise communities around gathering and producing popular knowledge. The report begins with a presentation of case studies from around the USA of various participatory research projects.
Following this are do's, don'ts and maybe's regarding amongst other issues, power relations, building community and group alliances and diversity, getting information out, starting and sustaining groups and dealing with conflict and funding.
This CISALVA manual presents guidelines on how to design and conduct a 'radio forum' or, a gathering and focus group discussion centered around a shared audio story. Although it recognises that radio forum, as a means of awareness raising, can centre around any topic, the author's work, and therefore the guidelines, refer specifically to narratives describing cases of domestic violence. This document outlines step-by-step guidelines for preparation, organisation, and implementation of a radio forum. It also provides various suggestions for post-radio discussion animation and facilitation. The manual also contains information on the author NGO, CISALVA. Resumes of sample stories are provided at the end of the manual.
A seven day workshop focusing on participatory methods for community development was held in Natal, South Africa. The workshop used the SARAR approach, which 'aims to support the growth of self-esteem by facilitating 'learning events' which encourage people to develop their creative and analytic capacity to identify and solve problems'. Using methods similar to PRA, such as community mapping, the facilitators tried to address issues around gender conflict. This account analyses how the workshop went wrong : the relationship between facilitators (white women) and the largely male black participants broke down completely due to underlying racial and gender tensions, and also the 'inflexibility' of the programme. Intensely personal reflections by the facilitators on their roles reveal the 'many layers of gender dynamics' and the implicit power issues in outsiders trying to initiate such discussions through 'top-down and academic methods'. Finally, the facilitators analyze how they could have learned to welcome the knowledge brought by the 'disturbers' (the men who 'resisted' the workshop) and the 'shadow' side of creativity and participation.
This report outlines a local community project conducted in the Hollingdean area of Brighton in the UK in 1999. The participatory appraisal exercises conducted sought to highlight the most important issues identified by the local residents of Hollingdean. The report outlines the methodologies used and then goes on to detail the various issues that were identified:
| Children and young people| Transport| Sheltered housing| Housing| Drugs| Community safety| Environmental issues| Other community issues| Food
The report is illustrated, with visual examples and photographic documentation of some of the methods used. In addition, it presents a number of possible solutions to some of the problems identified and an update on some of those already implemented.
This video shows Sudanese refugees in a refugee camp discussing gender relations and gender activities of their livelihoods. This is done through explanations by men and women of diagrams drawn on the ground, and by role play and dramatisations. The latter highlights the issue of girlsÆ education, discussing issues such as pregnancy and the effect of domestic work on school performance.