Introductory article for special issue of PLA notes resulting from an international workshop on participatory monitoring and evaluation (PM & E). Provides a comprehensive overview of PM & E, recent developments in its practice and emerging issues.
Las organizaciones promotoras del desarrollo necesitan saber qué tan efectivos han sido sus esfuerzos. Pero quién debe hacer estos juicios, y con qué fundamentos? Normalmente son los expertos externos los que se encargan de esta misión. El seguimiento y evaluación participativos (SEP) es un enfoque metodológico diferente que implica que los pobladores locales, los organismos de desarrollo y los tomadores de decisiones se reúnan para decidir juntos cómo se debe medir el progreso, y qué acción se debe tomar a partir de los resultados de una evaluación. El SEP puede mostrar valiosas lecciones y mejorar la legitimidad de los proyectos de desarrollo. Sin embargo, es un proceso que implica muchos retos para todos los actores implicados, ya que conmina a la gente a examinar sus suposiciones sobre lo que significa el progreso y a enfrentar las contradicciones y los conflictos que surjan al hacerlo.
Professionalism, participation and the public good : issues of arbitration in development management and the critique of the neo-populist approach
Conference paper argues that participation can leave decision making largely in the hands of middle class elements and not with the peasant mass. Participatory approaches also favour the internationalisation of authority, diluting standards of national accountability. The approaches are based on a hierarchy of values and attitudes and not on the promotion of a truly representative democracy.
Drawing on case studies from six countries, this report examines recent innovative applications of PRA in research, development and impact analysis of irrigation and water resource management programmes. The case studies are taken from different socio-technical contexts and range from the use of PRA to examine water user's perspectives of irrigation performance to watershed management planning. Lessons learnt from the examples are outlined and finally challenges and opportunities for the use of participatory methods in water resource management are summarised. Issues considered include, confusion over definitions and objectives, the degree of importance placed on methods, confusion over the role of professionals, the influence of politics and power, measuring of impacts, complementarity between conventional research methods and PRAand finally the challenge of institutionalising participatory approaches in government bureaucracies.
The implementation of VIPP [Visualization in Participatory Programmes] in Zambia : an evaluation report for UNICEF 1994 - 1997.
Report of evaluation carried out three years after introduction of VIPP by UNICEF Zambia at the country office level. The report describes the participatory evaluation methodology used. The evaluation was built on a framework designed to investigate initial reactions, acceptance, commitment and impact of the traning methodology with particular attention being paid to the indicator "degree to which the environment has become more participatory."
Report of a "training for trainers" workshop in PLA. The workshop had a special focus on behavioural aspects of PLA and also on its use in stages of project planning other than needs assessment, where it is most commonly utilised, including its application in project monitoring and also in rural extension activities.
Re-evaluating participation and monitoring in extension - lessons from an NGO's experience in Tanzania.
Based on an impact study of Concern's agricultural and community development projects in Iringa region this paper shows how the claims frequently made for participation in development projects need qualifying. The authors argue that some of the grandiose claims made for the need for participation are unhelpful. Extension can be vastly improved simply by encouraging field staff to listen more closely to farmers whilst exaggerated claims act to confuse the process of working out what exactly is needed in each specicfic case and why.
A resource kit consisting of a video and manuals, providing information and experience on participatory methods in order to support the adoption of participatory approaches in World Bank projects and studies. The kit includes modules on social assessment, stakeholder analysis, PRA, SARAR and beneficiary assessment, and participatory monitoring and evaluation.
Forms part of a resource kit (see record no. 3377) and comprises 3 films entitled: 1) Participation and the World Bank's work: learning to get better at it. (28.50 mins) Interviews with staff and footage of participatory projects. 2) The poverty experts: a participatory poverty assessment in Tanzania. (44.08 mins) 3) Groundwork: participatory research for girl's education. (35.50 mins) See also record no. 2402 for manual to accompany original separate Groundwork video.