The first section is a listing of a number of techniques which come under the umbrella of PRA, RRA or similar participatory research and planning approaches. This ranges from secondary sources, DIY, SSIs and direct observation to maps, seasonal calenders and ranking. Some specific issues involving working with PRA in South Africa are raised, drawing on a number of experiences and covering a number of different aspects of both methodology and behaviour and attitudes. The second section deals specifically with poverty/ vulnerability maps, and the third with indicators of poverty developed using qualitative research methods.
This book is a guide to a variety of quantitative and qualitative methods for research and practice. It examines the concept of participation and ethical considerations in fieldwork, and stresses methodological pluralism and dialogue in development planning. The main part of the book is devoted to participatory methods. It discusses techniques such as ranking and scoring, mapping and diagrams, and the use of indicators, focus groups and semi- structured interviews in poverty and gender analysis. Participatory monitoring and evaluation and sustainability analysis are also discussed.
This document addresses the World BankÆs approach to country poverty assessments. It looks at the increasing involvement of stakeholder groups, with the aim of building in-country capacity to address the problems of the poor. With examples from a number of countries, it argues that the participation of government and other institutional stakeholders in all aspects of the work increases sensitivity to poverty issues, enhances analytical skills, and builds allegiance to the measures proposed for poverty reduction. In addition it claims that, conventional statistical analysis is complimented by qualitative information from participatory social assessments, which reveal the concerns voiced by the poor.
Draft copy of the final report of the South African participatory poverty assessment. See record 2036 for final copy.
The paper starts with a question - are women as a group poor in the Republic of Guinea? and uses evidence from both the household survey and PRA in answering the question. Existing data on consumption poverty obtained from household surveys are assessed in detail in an attempt to answer the above question. PRA methods, such as well-being ranking, group discussion, social mapping are used in assessing gender deprivation. Finally, the paper addresses the question of generalisability of PRA based assessment in the larger, national context.
Synthesising PRA and case study materials : a participatory process for developing outlines, concepts and overview reports : case study of the participatory poverty assessment report writing workshop, Kisumbe, Shinyanga Region, Tanzania, 22 - 28 September
Draft report describing a participatory method used during a workshop to synthesise information from 8 village level participatory poverty assessment (PPA) studies and create a detailed structure for a synthesis report.
Participatory policy analysis questions conventional policy-making procedures, challenges the behaviour and attitudes of policy makers and influences the style and substance of policy itself. This book examines the implications and issues of participatory policy-focused research through case studies and discussions. One section concentrates specifically on participatory poverty assessments as a means of bringing local poverty and policy analysis into the policy process.
Participatory impact assessment : a report on a DFID funded ActionAid research project on methods and indicators for measuring the impact of poverty reduction.
Review of the background, methodology and key findings of an applied three year research project designed to find more reliable participatory impact approaches and locally relevant indicators of change. Different methods for the assessment of impact were tried out with a wide range of communities and local organisations that ActionAid had previous direct contact with. Major findings of the research include the need for field workers to be more selective in their use of participatory techniques, the importance of tracking long term changes in peoples' key indicators and the need for NGO's to support an 'impact assessment culture' in all that they do and the systems that they follow.
This report presents the results of a one year study of poverty in Shinyanga based on eight sectoral studies and also participatory poverty assessments which were carried out in eight villages.