This paper reports on a participative research process, in which farmer knowledge was integrated with standard research techniques, to develop a method for irrigation farmers to estimate paddock water use efficiency (WUE) and accessions to the watertable. Facilitating farmer trust and involvement in the research process was seen to be particularly important given the sensitive nature of the issue of WUE.
A synthesis report describing key recommendations for the Regional Bureau of Agriculture and Natural Resources regarding the soil and water conservation strategy in the Tigray region. Also, included is a report of the methodology and results of a three day participatory watershed planning exercise carried out with communities in the Addis Zeman catchment.
Participatory action research on community management of rural water supply : experiences from Kenya, Cameroon, Nepal, Pakistan, Guatemala and Colombia.
There is a growing trend in most countries in the south to encourage rural communities to manage their water supply systems. This paper is based on an action research programme designed to draw lessons from twenty four projects representing various types of water supply systems and service levels chosen from a range of environmental, socio-economic and cultural conditions.
The Community Water Source Development Project in South Wollo is designed to encourage the participation of rural communities in the design, construction, management and maintenance of their own water supplies and aims to benefit women and children in particular. This document reports on a participatory evaluation of the project carried out using PRA techniques.
Assessment of water and sanitation status in two Weredas of South Wollo Zone: account of two participatory rural appraisal (PRA) field exercises, June 16-25, 1997
This report provides an account of two participatory rural appraisal (PRA) field exercises. The aim of the field work was for participants of a workshop for health planners and sanitarians to gain practical experience of using PRA tools.
A publication of the national slum dwellers federation, Mahila Milan and SPARC in India, this newsletter gives examples of good sanitation ideas developed by slum dwellers. Sections include municipal planning and co-ordination, community decision making, technical matters, and reports from several community run toilet projects.
Newsletter of the Mahila Milan and National Slum Dwellers' Federations in India with articles on how communities negotiate with public authorities to find space for their own settlement improvement plans. In Pune, communities have negotiated for land and challenged slum regulation. In Bangalore there is a toilet construction project and in Mumbai street children are working on experimental recyling and composting of garbage. Finally there are articles about exchange visits between different communities in India and between India and South Africa.
Newletter from the Squatter and Urban Poor Federation. Run by women and men who live in Phnom Penh's poor settlements, it SUPF works to get communities to come together and work out their own solutions to problems they all face, problems of land, evictions, houses, toilets, basic services, savings and credit.
The PHAST [Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation] Inititative : participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation : a new approach to working with communities
This report describes the principles of the PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation) approach developed by the World Health Organisation and UNDP. It describes how, by using specific participatory techniques, this approach promotes hygiene behaviours, sanitation improvements, and community management of water and sanitation facilities. The document also offers examples of the use of PHAST in Botswana, Kenya, Uganda, and Zimbabwe and discuses the impact of the approach in the respective communities as well as lessons learned during the field tests.