This book is meant to provide a variety of tools to development practitioners who are trying to implement gender sensitive projects in the water and sanitation sector. The tools will help with the process of gender analysis and with incorporating the findings of gender analysis into project design and implementation. It is intended for use by a variety of agencies, and so a variety of types of tools have been provided.
This book looks at the theoretical basis to participatory development work, drawing on related debates in anthropology, development studies and feminism. It attempts to connect theory and practice, presenting case studies of participatory research techniques from sites as far apart as development theatre in Mali and video-making with homeless people in the UK. It then extends the debate by questioning the shifts in power needed if institutions are to operate in a participatory manner.
Getting the policy makers to move the bricks around : reflections on Anil Shah's experience in facilitating the scaling up of participatory irrigation management in India.
Drawing on the experience of Anil Shah in facilitating participatory irrigation management in Gujarat, this paper explores how policy can be influenced to facilitate the spread of participatory approaches.
Conserving resources and increasing production : using participatory tools to monitor and evaluate community-based resource management practices.
This case study presents examples of field uses of participatory tools for monitoring and evaluations of community-based resource management. The study is based on the premise that analytical tools developed through the rapid and participatory appraisal process (PRA) have applicability for monitoring and evaluation. It further builds from the assumption that by helping local communities select and monitor indicators, devise and record baseline data systems, there is a greater likelihood that local projects will increase sustainability, productivity, and transparency. Data is derived from field work carried out in 1996 in three communities in Kenya. Findings of the study concluded that participatory methods can help identify community-based indicators to measure impacts of resource management effectively and at low cost, which can have meaning both for the local community as well as for regional/national policy and decision makers (such as NGOs or government units). A summary of indicators used in all three communities is provided, including the tools used, where and how they were applied, and their effectiveness. The study further concluded that participatory methods were useful in developing effective baseline data which may be used by the community to inform district and regional policy and planning staff about more effective ways of implementing local development. The study highlights the need for building and strengthening two way linkages of information based on partnerships between local and national institutions, viewed as essential for achieving sustainability in livelihood production and resource conservation. Final sections discuss the factors that seem most influential in the adoption of resource management practices, and identify key areas for future research.
The conditions for collective action : land tenure and farmers groups in the Rajasthan Canal Project.
Poor performance of existing irrigation systems is commonly perceived to be the result of a lack of involvement by farmers in their design and management. Attempts to solve this have focussed on the establishment of water user groups. Based on case studies from two contrasting areas in the Rajasthan Canal Project, this paper argues that it is esential to understand the different tenure-based differences existing amongst water users, since they determine strongly the prospects of the formation and success of farmers organisations and ultimately of irrigation management transfer.