This handbook provides a guide to understanding and using reflective and experiential learning – whether it be for personal or professional development, or as a tool for learning. It both places reflective and experiential learning within an overall theoretical framework, and provides practical ideas for applying the models of learning as well as offering tools, ideas and resources that can be incorporated into classroom practice.
This guide describes how to design and carry out an assessment on HIV/AIDS and drug use based on a Participatory Assessment and Response (PAR) approach. This approach builds on the Alliance's work in integrating the Rapid Assessment and Response (RAR) and the Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) approaches. It emphasises the importance of linking assessment activities with developing a response, the need to respond quickly to problems related to drugs and HIV/AIDS, and the importance of participation of affected communities in responding to the HIV/AIDS problem among drug users. The guide is presents 10 steps to do participatory assessments: planning the assessment; setting up an Advisory Group; forming and training an assessment team; designing the assessment; using secondary sources; learning from key informants; making contact and building trust; conducting group discussions and interviews; analysing information; next steps - developing a response. In addition to the guide the work book includes a section introducing topics related to HIV and drug use, describing the social, economic, political and legal context; the situation of drug users; problems relate to drug use; current response to problems; and suggestion of action priorities. It goes on to present a ôtoolö section with participatory methods such as body mapping, Venn diagrams, trend diagrams, lifelines, daily activity charts, cause/effect flow charts, ranking, matrix scoring, assessment grids, evaluation wheels, and ôBt why?ö diagrams. Finally it addresses the main skills needed in participatory work with HIV and drug issues: active listening; effective questioning; facilitating group discussions; and using participatory tools. The fulltext document can be found on http://www.eldis.org/ or http://www.aidsalliance.org/eng/publications/_pge/prevention.htm
Building blocks: Africa-wide briefing notes: resources for communities working with orphans and vulnerable children
This is a set of locally adaptable resources for communities working with orphans and vulnerable children in Africa. They are based on the experience of the International HIV/AIDS Alliance, its partners and other organisations. The briefing notes for working with children are organised into an overview and five sections: Education; Health and nutrition; Psychosocial support; Social inclusion; and Economic strengthening. Each briefing note provides issues and principles for guiding strategy, while drawing on best practice from programme experience. Each can be used alongside a Participatory Adaptation Guide, which will help organisations and community members, including children, to adapt these principles and strategies to their own local situation. These briefing notes have been developed through a highly participatory process, guided by an international advisory board (in collaboration with participants from Uganda, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Kenya, Burkina Faso, Senegal, Mali, Mozambique, Angola etc.). These briefing notes are divided into four sections: Introduction, with an overview that explains why programmes need to strengthen the skills and resources of families and communities to cope with the impacts of HIV/AIDS; Issues, with an outline of the impact of HIV/AIDS on children; Principles, with guidelines for programmes aimed at strengthening the coping capacity of vulnerable children, families and communities; and Strategies, with possible ways of taking action to strengthen support for orphans and vulnerable children. The full text document can be found on http://www.aidsalliance.org/building_blocks.htm or http://www.eldis.org/ and is available in English, French and Portuguese children, Africa, HIV, AIDS, training manual, orphans, health, sexual health, child care, coping strategies
Much time and money is devoted to training - but courses do not always produce the outcomes desired. As a result, many training organisations need to rethink the way they plan, design, deliver and evaluate their courses. This book, based on the experiences of VSO and other development aid organisations and research institutions, shows teacher trainers, development trainers and course developers how to design training courses by actively involving potential course participants and stakeholders. The author aims to enable users of this book to provide leadership, training and coaching in all aspects of the participatory curriculum development process, leading to the design, implementation and evaluation of more effective training programmes. The guide contains step-by-step advice on how to analyse situations and training needs; develop curriculum outlines and frameworks; plan and develop detailed curricula; develop and refine participatory curriculum development evaluation systems; and maintain a participatory curriculum development process. It is written in an easily accessible language with illustrations and gives examples of practical exercises.
This toolkit draws on the lessons generated from learning projects and case studies supported under the Citizens and Governance programme of the Commonwealth Foundation. It offers practical guidance on how to promote the participation of citizens in governance. The contents of the toolkit include: the meaning of inclusive governance; ways for citizens to organise and engage in governance; strategies for multi-sectoral partnerships; key themes that emerge in governance, such as conflict, gender and power; suggestions for participatory methods in governance, including learning circles, popular theatre and role play; and methods for inclusive governance capacity building of citizens, intermediaries and government officials. Brief summaries of action-learning projects and case studies from the Citizens and Governance Programme from: India, the Caribbean, Vanuatu, Tanzania, Nigeria, South Africa, Uganda, Jamaica, Zimbabwe, UK, New Zeeland, Africa, Malaysia, Canada and Belize; are presented. A toolkit CD-ROM designed to run on Windows 95/98/XP and MacOS9 is also incorporated. The CD-ROM contains the toolkit in an electronic format and has a resource bank of downloadable materials, such as relevant publications, materials used by the project partners and a word bank which provides explanations of, and proverbs illustrating terms common in the debate about civil society and governance which project partners themselves have furnished.