This booklet describes the process of action research in stakeholder consultation, based on the experiences of the author of working on the Consultation Protocol Project of the Social Policy Unit of the Office of Cabinet in Queensland, Australia. She describes the background to her study and defines the basics of stakeholder involvement in decision-making and management. The action research methodology and cycles of work used in her study of the consultation protocol project are detailed, and evaluated interactively by posing questions to the reader. The conclusions present basic guidelines for effective consultation and the use of action research in this context.
The first section is a listing of a number of techniques which come under the umbrella of PRA, RRA or similar participatory research and planning approaches. This ranges from secondary sources, DIY, SSIs and direct observation to maps, seasonal calenders and ranking. Some specific issues involving working with PRA in South Africa are raised, drawing on a number of experiences and covering a number of different aspects of both methodology and behaviour and attitudes. The second section deals specifically with poverty/ vulnerability maps, and the third with indicators of poverty developed using qualitative research methods.
This book is a guide to a variety of quantitative and qualitative methods for research and practice. It examines the concept of participation and ethical considerations in fieldwork, and stresses methodological pluralism and dialogue in development planning. The main part of the book is devoted to participatory methods. It discusses techniques such as ranking and scoring, mapping and diagrams, and the use of indicators, focus groups and semi- structured interviews in poverty and gender analysis. Participatory monitoring and evaluation and sustainability analysis are also discussed.
The Restoration of a Lake Basin in Mexico and the Regional Social Participatory Process: the Case of ORCA
This booklet systematises 12 years of the work of ORCA (the Riparian Organisation Against Contamination of Lake Patzcuaro), a regional organisation of 23 mainly Indian peasant communities living in Patzcuaro Basin, Mexico, since 1982. It reveals how a well organised and highly motivated regional popular organisation, in collaboration with committed social and natural science researchers, can mobilise local populations to influence local government environmental policies and acquire greater control over the sustainable management of fragile ecosystems such as Lake Patzcuaro.
This brief note describes the experience of integrating formal, quantitative research into participatory research (which included observations and informal discussions with farmers) in the context of a conservation tillage project in Zimbabwe. The report suggests that such an integration of formal and participatory research in the process of technology development not only facilitates the process of information sharing and co-operation between farmers and professionals, but also and more importantly helps the former to establish their own identity as human beings.
This paper starts with a critical review of conventional research methodologies, such as the social survey and ethnographic research and their limitations and biases. It then discusses the main features of alternative research methodologies, such as conscientising and participatory research and their rationale. Part two of the paper provides a detailed account of Urban Research Centre's (URC) work on participatory research and action which emphasises understanding people's situations, institutions and perspectives and supporting them. Researchers involved in participatory research have to find new ways of collecting information involving people and disseminating it at the community level so that research can benefit both the researcher and the community.
This document addresses the World BankÆs approach to country poverty assessments. It looks at the increasing involvement of stakeholder groups, with the aim of building in-country capacity to address the problems of the poor. With examples from a number of countries, it argues that the participation of government and other institutional stakeholders in all aspects of the work increases sensitivity to poverty issues, enhances analytical skills, and builds allegiance to the measures proposed for poverty reduction. In addition it claims that, conventional statistical analysis is complimented by qualitative information from participatory social assessments, which reveal the concerns voiced by the poor.
Report of a training workshop on PRA methodologies, tools and techniques, including field work, for staff of the Integrated Food Security Programme in Gash & Setit Province, Eritrea and the Ministry of Agriculture.
This paper addresses the issue of participation in education and argues that operations in the education sector can be greatly improved by increasing stakeholder participation of government officials, education professionals, local communities and the private sector including NGOs. It further argues that participation can help to increase the relevance and quality of education, improve ownership and build consensus, reach remote and disadvantaged groups, mobilise additional resources, and build institutional capacity. It however identifies that participatory operations involve risks and costs and identifies certain preconditions that are necessary for its success.