A Brief Summary of the Findings and Recommendations from the Evaluation of Support to the Governments Inpres Desa Tertinggal Poverty Alleviation Programme
This paper describes a project which adopted PRA to (i) help villagers understand the objectives of a poverty alleviation programme (IDT) and to prepare feasible action plans for the utilisation of IDT funds, and (ii) to produce base-line data to be of use to programme planners and designers. This report first summarises the main findings relating to organisation of the project. The PRA project training is critically examined, discussing selection of appropriate candidates duration of training and levels of understanding imparted. The project was also successful in imparting understanding of the IDT to prospective fund recipient groups. It is noted that facilitators were reluctant to involve women in some activities, and reasons are discussed. Collection of baseline data and data in case studies are discussed. The third section summarises recommendations. The project has led the way in developing an appropriate methodology for the implementation of IDT support projects, and it is recommended to utilise PRA methodology, but change the implementing mechanisms. A need for follow-up activities for the present support project is noted, as well as follow up for the use of data: "data is only effective where it is used."
This ten-minute video was made by Manor Street Community Group in North Belfast, Northern Ireland with the help of students from King Alfred's College. Manor Street is situated in the heart of an area divided by religious and political conflict. The film focuses on efforts by the Community Group to get support from the community and funding for a new Community Centre. After a 3-year public consultation period plans for the centre were drawn up and the City Council was approached for funding to build and run it (00). There was a great need for the centre. Since a wall had been built between the warring catholic and protestant communities shops had closed and buses stopped running (01). There was nothing for young people to do and vandalism was common (02). The problems had been exacerbated by the loss of the old centre and its youth club. All community spirit had gone from the area and the lack of opportunity for protestants and catholics to meet meant the two communities were even more divided (04). The Community Group made contact with various bodies to obtain support and funding. Discussions with residents made it clear that people wanted a centre which would provide something for all ages (05). One person suggested that keep fit classes for women could help deal with stress. The Centre would help put the heart back into the area by providing the community with a focal point and a morale booster (06). The plans provided space for a creche as well as rooms for meetings and classes for the unemployed (08.30). Volunteers from the community were sought to fundraise, run activities and join the management committee (09). The aim was to encourage the whole community to join in.
This video briefly describes a process undertaken by a community group on Northern Ireland to obtain a community centre. Through interviews with local people, it shows the need for a community centre (01-03), the process of building contacts between the community group and other agencies (04), consulting local people about what they want (05 -08) and getting people involved in the process (09).
A child centred approach to investigating the impact of HIV/AIDS on the family : a methodological study.
Report of research supported by Save the Children Fund (UK) that piloted research techniques, for use with children to understand the psychological, social and economic dimensions of the impact on them and their families of HIV/AIDS.
This article introduces the 51st edition of PLA Notes, on civil society and poverty reduction. The PLA notes edition aims to capture the experiences of southern civil society organisations (CSOs) that are engaging in monitoring, evaluating and implementing poverty reduction strategy (PRS) processes. This introductory article describes how the authors involved in this edition of PLA notes came together for a writeshop in Nairobi, Kenya, July 2004. The key issues identified include the diverse nature of civil society; the conditional nature of poverty reduction strategies; the quality and degree of participation of CSOs; and the existing power dynamics that challenge the effective monitoring of poverty reduction funds and consequently the implementation of policy reduction policies. The article concludes by looking at issues of capacity building, shifting accountability relationships, and strengthening facilitatory partnerships between CSOs. In the final section, the authors look at how we can build on these reflections and move forward.
In order to obtain detailed information about project participants's daily tasks, particularly in a gender context, 139 calenders were constructed for one specific day. The timeline focused on all the activities undertaken during that day, including agricultural work. Men did more agricultural work than women, although women worked harder overall. Of the 103 agricultural workers surveyed, the men spent more time with livestock, both were involved in nursery work, and men carried out slightly more work in the fields. The other projects studied were water and santitation, women's income generating projects and education. The gender difference in perception of agricultural tasks is noted, which relates closely to time spent talking, resting and in 'reproductive' chores.
This paper presents an approach to addressing the problem of rural housing shortage in India. Three contexts require external intervention: low housing quality of the poor and landless; rehousing of displaced people due to development projects; rehabilitation of victims of natural disasters. Interventions are often unsuccessful because of erroneous needs assessment. This study presents a participatory method to enable architects and planners to gather and analyse information to assist decision-making. The method is based on participatory information collection games, user-documentation of baseline data, participatory group analysis and evaluation of issues, and a tool for rapid information retrieval to prepare a 'user needs statement'.
This article sets down the features of the PAD approach, and then takes the reader through the different phases - diagnosing, experimenting and sustaining - and outlines the steps involved with locating communities, identifying their problems and exploring solutions. Some examples are provided.